Orthopedic Treatment For Wrist Osteoarthritis

by Administrator 21. April 2015 10:12

Osteoarthritis is one of the most common types of arthritis that affects many people in the US. Arthritis of wrist is a painful condition that makes it difficult to carry out daily activities. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative arthritis that causes the joint to break down over time, as it affects the smooth articular cartilage that covers the bones. The degeneration causes inflammation, weakness, stiffness and pain in the joints.

Causes

  • Wear and tear in the wrist
  • Hereditary condition
  • Traumatic injury
  • Wrist fracture
  • Wrist sprain
  • Kienbock’s disease

Symptoms

  • Swelling
  • Pain that interferes with sleep
  • Weakness
  • Inflammation
  • Bruising
  • Restricted motion
  • Stiffness in the knuckle joints
  • Wrist feels tight and feels like it is filled with fluid

Diagnosis

In order to diagnose Osteoarthritis, the orthopedic surgeon may physically examine the affected joint to look for tenderness, swelling and visible deformity. He may also recommend certain imaging tests to identify the type and severity of Oesteoarthritis. The surgeon decides the line of treatment once the exact cause of the arthritis is determined.

Treatment

Osteoarthritis of wrist is treated non-surgically or surgically depending upon the cause, extent of injury and the symptoms.

Non-surgical treatment

The orthopedic surgeon uses different types of therapies to offer relief from pain and swelling. You may need to modify your activities to reduce the pain. The physician may recommend you to keep your wrist immobile and use splint to protect the wrist and keep it stable. The orthopedic doctor may prescribe certain medications such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines to ease pain and swelling. He or she may also prescribe some exercise programs to improve the range of motion in the wrist.

The exercises must be performed under the supervision of a physiotherapist.

Surgical treatment

In case the non-surgical methods do not prove to be effective and pain becomes unbearable, the surgeon may recommend surgery to restore the hand and wrist functioning. The surgical treatment involves removing the arthritic bones and the carpel bones are fused together to make into one bone, in case you are suffering from advanced osteoarthritis that affects the entire wrist. Usually the damaged joint is surgically replaced with prosthesis to recover wrist movement. The fusion may be partial or complete depending on the requirement. This surgery requires a rehabilitation process during which the patient may be prescribed some strengthening and stretching exercises, which will help restore the movement in the wrist.

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